The Commission currently regulates, to varying degrees, approximately 3,399 utility companies throughout the state with combined jurisdictional revenues of approximately $11 billion per year. These utilities provide a major part of the essential infrastructure necessary for all commerce and industry within the state; they have an enormous impact on the economy of North Carolina. These utilities provide service to the using and consuming public within North Carolina and include the following:
In addition, the Commission has regulatory oversight over natural gas pipeline safety within the state.
The Commission does not regulate the rates and services of telephone cooperatives or electric cooperatives or municipal utilities. It does, however, have complaint jurisdiction over electric membership corporations (EMCs) in matters involving inadequate, insufficient, or unreasonably discriminatory service pursuant to G.S. 62-42. EMC's and municipalities are also required to obtain certificates from the Commission to construct electric generating facilities pursuant to G.S. 62-110.1 and certificates to construct electric transmission lines of 161 kilovolts or larger pursuant to G.S. 62-101.
The duties of the Commission with respect to the regulated utilities affect the using and consuming public in three major ways. First, no public utility can begin the construction or operation of any utility plant or system in North Carolina or acquire ownership or control thereof without first obtaining a certificate of public convenience and necessity from the Commission. Second, as a general rule, the Commission has the responsibility under the law to fix, for each public utility, the rates that it may charge for its services to its customers. The Commission is required to set just and reasonable rates that are fair both to the public utility and to its customers. Third, the Commission has authority over the manner in which the utility companies provide service to their customers. The Commission requires public utilities to provide reasonable and reliable service and to adopt safety rules and regulations for the protection of the public.
With respect to the regulation of public utilities, the major issues facing the Commission today include: